- A modeling material consisting of finely ground particles of colored polymer, often polyvinyl chloride (PVC), held together by a binder to form a malleable clay-like medium. Trademarked brand names include FIMO and Sculpey. In oven-fired polymer clays, finished articles are heated in a domestic oven to fire or fuse or sinter the polymer molecules into a hard, durable object — often jewelry, beads, or small sculptures. Because polymer clays are made of self-colored molecules, making them bleed-proof: different colors do not bleed into each other when placed against each other.
Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.
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Polymer clay — is a sculptable material based on the polymer polyvinyl chloride (PVC). It usually contains no clay minerals, and is only called clay because its texture and working properties resemble those of mineral clay. It is sold in craft, hobby, and art… … Wikipedia
clay — Mud; moist, sticky dirt. In ceramics, clay is the basic material, usually referring to any of a certain variety of mixtures of such ingredients fine grained, firm earthy material that is plastic when wet, brittle when dry, and very hard when… … Glossary of Art Terms
polymer — A chemical compound made by grouping molecules to form natural or synthetic resins. Acrylic resins are polymers in a thermoplastic or thermosetting form of either acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, esters of these acids, or acrylonitrile, and are … Glossary of Art Terms
Modelling clay — A bust of the sculptor Albert Ernest Carrier Belleuse, by Auguste Rodin (1882). Terracotta, originally modelled in clay … Wikipedia
Grog (clay) — Grog, also known as firesand and chamotte, is a ceramic raw material. It has high percentage of silica and alumina. It can be produced by firing selected fire clays to high temperature before grinding and screening to specific particle sizes. It… … Wikipedia
Sculpey — (often misspelled as Sculpy ) is the brand name for a type of polymer clay that can be molded and put into a conventional oven to harden, as opposed to typical modelling clays, which require a much hotter oven, such as a kiln. Until it is baked,… … Wikipedia
Fimo — is a name for a brand of polymer clay made by Eberhard Faber. According to a 2002 U.S.PIRG report Fimo contains polyvinyl chloride (PVC) mixed with phthalate. Though other brands of polymer clay exist, Fimo is the best known. The material comes… … Wikipedia
Nanocomposite — A nanocomposite is as a multiphase solid material where one of the phases has one, two or three dimensions of less than 100 nanometers (nm), or structures having nano scale repeat distances between the different phases that make up the… … Wikipedia
Kato polyclay — is a brand of oven hardening polymer clay. The concept of Kato Polyclay is created by the collaboration of Donna Kato, a polymer clay artist, and Van Aken International, a manufacturer of modeling compounds. The material is intended for… … Wikipedia
Donna Kato — is one of the best known polymer clay artists, author, teacher and product developer who has worked with polymer clay for many years. Her book, The Art Of Polymer Clay (Watson Guptill) published in 1997, continues to be one of the most popular… … Wikipedia